AskDefine | Define respiration

Dictionary Definition

respiration

Noun

1 the metabolic processes whereby certain organisms obtain energy from organic moelcules; processes that take place in the cells and tissues during which energy is released and carbon dioxide is produced and absorbed by the blood to be transported to the lungs [syn: internal respiration, cellular respiration]
2 a single complete act of breathing in and out; "thirty respirations per minute"
3 the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation; the process of taking in oxygen from inhaled air and releasing carbon dioxide by exhalation [syn: breathing, external respiration, ventilation]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

respiracioun, from respiratio, from respirare.

Noun

  1. The process of inhaling and exhaling; breathing, breath.
  2. Any similar process, in organisms that lack lungs, that exchanges gases with its environment.
  3. The process by which cells obtain chemical energy by the consumption of oxygen and the release of carbon dioxide.

Derived terms

Translations

breathing
exchange of gases
  • Greek: αναπνοή
process of biological energy extraction

French

Etymology

From respiratio, from respirare.

Pronunciation

Noun

respiration

Extensive Definition

In biochemistry, respiration may refer to:
  • Cellular respiration, the process in which the chemical bonds of energy-rich molecules such as glucose are converted into energy usable for life processes
  • Anaerobic respiration, a process that allows respiration without use of oxygen
  • Plant respiration, the enzymatic oxidation of substrates in plants, leading to the release of carbon dioxide respiration.
In physiology, respiration may refer to :
Medical devices involving respiration include:
Other uses include:
  • Carbon respiration, a phrase used in combination with carbon storage to calculate the amount of carbon (as CO2) flux occurring in the atmosphere through the various processes that add and subtract atmospheric carbon
  • Respiration rate, a parameter which is used in ecological and agronomical modelling
respiration in Spanish: Respiración (desambiguación)
respiration in Dutch: Ademhaling
respiration in Chinese: 呼吸

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Aqua-Lung, artificial respiration, aspiration, asthmatic wheeze, breath, breath of air, breathing, broken wind, cough, exhalation, expiration, exsufflation, gasp, gulp, hack, hiccup, inhalation, inhalator, inspiration, insufflation, iron lung, mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, oxygen mask, oxygen tent, pant, puff, scuba, sigh, sneeze, sniff, sniffle, snore, snoring, snuff, snuffle, sternutation, stertor, suspiration, wheeze, wind
Privacy Policy, About Us, Terms and Conditions, Contact Us
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2
Material from Wikipedia, Wiktionary, Dict
Valid HTML 4.01 Strict, Valid CSS Level 2.1